- May 21, 2021
🛕 Adavalleeswarar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Munnur Village in Marakkanam Taluk in Villupuram District of Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Adavalleeswarar and Mother is called as Brahan Nayaki / Periya Nayaki. The Temple is considered as Thevara Vaippu Sthalam as Devaram hymns had a mention about this Temple. The Temple is a very rare south facing Shiva Temple. The Temple is also considered as Guru Parihara Sthalam. The Temple is situated very close Munnur Arulala Perumal Temple.
🛕 Brihaspati / Guru Bhagavan, son of Angirasa Rishi and grandson of Lord Brahma, supposed to be the master of 4 Vedhas, forgotten everything due to his ego. Brihaspati, on the advice of Brahma, came here took bath in the Brahma Theertham and prayed to the lord to rid himself of the curse and regain his lost glory and name. This Temple is considered as a Parihara sthalam for Guru.
🛕 On the request of Kulothunga Chola, Lord Shiva and his consort are believed to have danced here and hence Lord is came to be called as Adavalleeswarar.
🛕 A King by name Adavalli Koothan ruled this place, noticed that the quantity of milk given by the cow was very low. When the same was checked and he found the cow mulched on a Shiva Lingam in the forest. Later the King built a temple on that place.
🛕 Nalliyakodan, a local chieftain was ruling over this area. He heard the news that the mighty Chola Empire wanted to annex his kingdom. He was worried and knew that his forces were no match to Chola Army. He prayed to Lord Murugan of this Temple about this impending danger to his Kingdom. Lord Murugan appeared in his dream and advised him to make weapons from Lotus flower.
🛕 Lord Murugan instructed him to keep these weapons at his shrine and worship him. After worshipping, he instructed to proceed to war with these weapons. As instructed, Nalliyakodan went to war with these weapons. To his surprise, when sunrays fell on these weapons, a swarm of bees appeared from lotus flower and started attacking the Chola Army. Chola army retreated notwithstanding the bee attack.
🛕 As per the advice of Vishnu, Parvathy came to this place Munnur created a Shiva Linga with Neerazhi mandapam ( always to keep cool ) and worshiped Lord Shiva. Shiva gave dharshan to Parvathi with Anandha Thandavam.
🛕 Once 300 Brahmins are said to have performed Yaga here at Adavalleeswarar Temple. Hence, the village came to be called as Munnootru Mangalam / Munnur.
🛕 Rajaraja Chola, Sambuvarayar, Nalliyakodan, Thirubhuvana Veeran, Nandivarman, Pulikesi II, Athiyaman, Kopperunchingan and Pangalarayan had worshipped Lord Shiva here.
🛕 It is believed that Dakshinamurthy gave Dharshan to Sanakathi Maharishis in Yoga Mudra Stage in this place.
🛕 Lord Shiva gave Mukthi to the Tharuka Vana Rishis
🛕 Lord Shiva gave Mukthi to the Tharuka Vana rishis in this place after destroying their egos by taking the form of Bikshadana.
🛕 Pandavas worshipped Lord Shiva here
🛕 Pandavas during their exile lived in this place and worshipped Lord Shiva of this temple.
🛕 The place is called as Munnur, since there were 300 temples once it had. Hence called as Munnuru latter corrupted to the present name of Munnur.
🛕 Munnur is also known as Darukavanam, Dakshina Kailash, Veeranarayananapuram, Purushothamanallur, Chathurvedhimangalam and Tirisathapuram.
🛕 Adavalleeswarar temple is believed to be more than 1300 years old as per inscriptions found here. Kulothunga Chola has contributed to the development of this already famous temple. Later Kulothunga Chola II did more contributions and made this temple grand and huge. He named this village ‘Munnootru Mangalam’ which over time got corrupted to today’s Munnur. Inscriptions in the Adavalleeswarar temple reveal that once upon a time, the village was prosperous receiving grants from the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas, Pallavas and other territorial Kings like Nalliyakodan, Sambuvarayars, Athiyaman, Kangeya Rayan, Bangala Rayan etc.
🛕 The place was also known as Munnutrumangalam, Minnam and Mujnoor as per the inscriptions and ancient literature. Sirupanatrupadai is one of the Sangam Literature collections written by Nallur Nathathanar contains some significant notes about this ancient Munnur. During 1968, Mambalam Viyaragavalu Reddy, came here to worship Lord Shiva. The temple was in dilapidated condition during his visit. Lord Shiva appeared in his dreams and instructed him to reconstruct the temple. He told this to Kanchi Mutt Maha Periyava. They visited the temple in 1969.
🛕 On seeing the ruined condition of the temple, Mahaperiyava asked Reddy to start the renovation immediately and gave Rs 1121, as Kanchi Mutt’s share towards renovation. Sri Kirupanandha Variyar also contributed some amount from the money received through discourse. Thiruvalam Sri Sivananda Mouna Guru Swamigal also participated and made donations to this divine work. After 10 years of hard work the Kumbabhishekam was conducted on 19th June 1978.
🛕 There are 52 inscriptions in the Temple talks about the contributions made to the Temples by various kings especially Cholas (Rajendra Chola I, Kulothunga Chola I, Kulothunga Chola II, Kulothunga Chola III and Rajaraja Chola II). The inscriptions mention Lord Shiva, as Adavalleeswarar, Adavallanayanar, Thirumoolasthanamudaya Mahadevar. The place Munnur was called as Munjoor, Raja Narayana Chaturvedi Mangalam, Purushotama Nallur and Singavananthal as per the inscriptions. This place was called as Jayankonda Chozha Mandalathu Oyma Nattu Vijaya Rajendra Valanattu Munjoor as per Rajendra Chola Inscription.
🛕 The inscriptions mainly speak about donation of land, gold, money, sheep, goat, cow, etc, towards burning of perpetual lamps, daily poojas, annual celebrations (Tiruvizha) like Chithirai Tiruvizha, Avani Tiruvizha, Karthikai Tiruvizha, Masi Tiruvizha and Pournami pooja etc. The food offered to Lord Shiva like Arisi Amuthu (rice), Thayirmuthu (curd rice), Neiyamuthu (ghee rice), Kariamuthu (vegetable rice) are also mentioned in the inscriptions.
🛕 This is a rare south facing temple dating from the Chola period. Balipeedam, Dwajastambam and Nandhi can be found on a raised platform facing the sanctum located outside the Temple. The temple tank is situated on the right side of the Temple. The remains of Rajagopuram can be found after the Nandi. The Sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, antarala, Arthamandapam, Madhavarayan Mandapam (16 pillared Muhamandapam), Mahamandapam and a front Mukamandapam.
🛕 The sanctum sanctorum is situated at an elevated level, since the floor level is maintained from the base of the upanam ( in most of the temples upanam will not be visible). The sanctum Adhishtanam is a Padmabandha Adhishtanam. The Yazhivarai is just above the pattika. The sanctum kumudam is virutha style, whereas the mandapa kumudam is of three faced one. Presiding Deity is called as Adavalleeswarar and is facing south.
🛕 He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam. Lord is a Swayambhu Moorthy. He is housed in a round Avudayar on a padma Peedam and the Komugam is on the east side instead of usual north side. The Sanctum is situated in a structure like Neerazhi Mandapam. Vinayaga, Dakshinamurthy, Vishnu, Brahma and Durga are the Koshta Idols located around the sanctum walls.
🛕 Even though the temple is facing south, the deva Koshta idols are positioned in the clock wise direction from Vinayaga to Durga keeping Vishnu on the back of the presiding deity. Normally, Dakshinamoorthy will be facing south but in this Temple, he is facing east. Bhooda Gana series can be seen on the top of pothiyal. The three tier Vesara vimana is above the sanctum. Chandikeswarar can be found in his usual location.
🛕 Mother is called as Brahan Nayaki / Periya Nayaki. Her Shrine is situated in the Mukamandapam and she is facing west. The Temple has three Mothers – Brihannayagi, Eswari and Kamakshi. Brahan Nayagi was originally in a separate east facing shrine, called Kamakotta Nachiyar / Kamakshi, on the east side of the temple. Her Shrine was destroyed during Muslim invasion, a New Mother Shrine was built in the Muhamandapam during 1978 Kumbabhishekam. The damaged Mother Idol is kept outside under a shed. The pillars are used for reconstruction of the front mandapam.
🛕 There is also another Thayar (called as Eswari) Idol in the Temple premises. There is a Panel containing the reliefs of Brahma, Shiva Lingam, Parvathi, Murugan and Narasimha. This panel was made out of soap stone and belongs to 7th to 8th Century. There is a statue of Navakandam (Offering of head to Kali for the wellbeing of the king or to get a Victory in the war) and an idol of Thavvai Thai (Jyeshta Devi) in the front Mandapam. These were under worship up to 11th Century and latter it was discontinued.
🛕 There is sculpture of Chandran in front of Rajagopuram base. This Chandran, Jyeshta Devi and Navakandam statues are found out during cleaning of the Temple tank. There is a sculpture of a King, colourfully painted in one the pillars. It is believed that it might be Rajendra Chozha-I, since the earliest inscription in this Temple belongs to him. There is a Sapthamadha panel broken in to three pieces & belongs to 12th Century AD.
🛕 There are shrines of Selva Periya Vinayagar, Ayyapan, Lord Subramanya with his consorts Valli & Devasena, Viswanathar, Nataraja Kailasanathar, 63 Nayanmars, Utsava Idols, Vijaya Anjaneya, Surya, Palani Andavar, Bhairava, Navagrahas and Nandikeswarar in the Temple premises. The idol of Muruga and his Peacock Vahana is created from a single stone. Sthala Vriksham is Vanni Tree. Vinayaga and Naga Idols can be seen under the Sthala Vriksham. Theertham associated with this Temple is Brahma Theertham.
🛕 The Temple remains open from 07.00 a.m. to 12.00 noon and 04.30 p.m. to 07.30 p.m. Sundays and Public holidays the temple will be kept open full day.
🛕 Gurupeyarchi, Aippasi Annabishekam, Mahashivaratri and Arudhra Dharshan are the important festivals conducted in this Temple. Apart from the regular festivals, Pradhosham and Full moon days are also observed in this temple. Velpooja Festival takes place in the month of Chithirai during Agni Nakshatrams to the Lord Siva Subramaniyar is another famous festival celebrated in this Temple.
🛕 The Temple is considered as Thevara Vaippu Sthalam as Devaram hymns sung by Sundarar had a mention about this Temple. The Temple is mentioned in 7th Thirumurai in 31st Patikam in 1st Song.
🛕 Since, this temple and the presiding is facing South direction, the devotees who worship in this temple will have a long life. If any threat to the life due to the position of Grahas in their horoscope will be vanished after made worship at this temple and be blessed by the God with a prosperous long and peaceful life. The Devotees who worship here will be cured off from any prolonging unidentified diseases. Since, the deity facing south and in the sight of Lord Guru, unmarried persons particularly those who are searching for suitable alliance for a very long time may come and worship here hopefully for early and happy married life.
🛕 If we made worship to the Vinayaga and Nagaraja existing below the Sthala Vriksha will reduce the bad reactions and disturbances created by the Grahas of Raghu and Kethu. If any person takes holy dip in the Brahmatheertham at the time of Gurupeyarchi (the sacred tank) and perform poojas to Lord Adavalleeswarar, they will be showered by the blessings of Lord Guru.
🛕 The Temple is located at about 200 meters from Munnur Bus Stop, 3 Kms from Aalangkuppam Bus Stop, 22 Kms from Marakkanam, 22 Kms from Tindivanam, 23 Kms from Tindivanam Railway Station, 40 Kms from Puducherry, 40 Kms from Puducherry Airport, 109 Kms from Chennai Airport and 130 Kms from Chennai.
🛕 The Temple is situated on Tindivanam to Marakkanam Road. The Temple is situated at about 3 Kms from Aalangkuppam Bus Stop at Tindivanam to Marakkanam Road. Government Buses (No 1 & 22) are available from Tindivanam to Munnur.
1. Town Bus Number – 1: 9.00 a.m and 2.00 p.m.
2. Town Bus Number – 22: 7 a.m, 10.30 a.m, 4.15p.m, 6.15p.m and 9.30 p.m.
🛕 Alternatively, devotees may take Private and Government Buses running from Tindivanam to Marakkanam on the state high way road and get down at Aalangkuppam Village and then catch a local share Auto to reach temple.
Munnur, Marakkanam Taluk,
Villupuram District – 604 301
Mobile: +91 98845 54053 / 80988 99927 / 94441 03813.