KambattaViswanathar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Kumbakonam Town in Thanjavur District in Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Aadhi Kambatta Viswanathar /Visveswar and Mother is called as Anandhanithi / Nidhiyammai.The temple is one of 12 Shiva temples connected with the Mahamaham festival, which takes place in Kumbakonam every 12 years. It is located on the south western side of the Kumbeswarar Temple.This temple is a favourite temple of the Gold smith community.
According to Hindu mythology, at the end of every Yuga, there is a huge flood called Maha Pralayam occurs and the whole world immerses in a deluge on account of the wrath of Hindu god Shiva for the sins committed by humans in earth. Lord Brahma prepared himself for the next cycle of creation. He put all the seeds from which creation would sprout in amrita (the elixir of immortality) along with four Vedas and Puranas and kept them together in a clay pot On top of the pot, he placed a coconut with mango leaves and wrapping around the pot’s neck a sacred thread. He then placed the pot on the peak of Mount Meru in the Himalayas.
When the Maha Pralayam started, it destroyed all living creatures on the earth.The Amutha Kalasa also got displaced and started floating on the seas for years. Eventually when the Pralayam stopped. the Kalasa settled in Kumbakonam. Then Lord Shiva took the form of a hunter (Kirata Murthy) and split open the pot with his arrow, The life on earth started flourishing again. It is believed that when Lord Shiva opened the pot with his arrow, the pot broke and fell in various places across the earth. Each of these items became Shiva Lingas and temple has been established later.
These Temples are
Adi Kumbeswarar Temple (place where the Amrutha Kalasa stayed). It is believed that Lord Kirata Murthy (Lord Shiva) himself made a Shivalingam with the broken pieces of the Kalasa by mixing nectar and sand with it. He worshiped this lingam and stayed back in this place.The Shivalingam is in the shape of the neck of a pot (Kudamukku in Tamil).
Once. Kumbakonam was once dense with Malathi plants. Malathi is a jasmine like flower with five petals which are pointed and twisted at the end. It is used in performing Pooja to Ganesa. The place was earlier known as Malathi Vanam. A sage named Nirsasara lived in a nearby village called Udayagiri. His son Dhoomaketu was a great scholar in the scriptures and other arts. He was always surrounded by aspirants of learning, as students choose the best educational institutions in the country and abroad today. Since they were attentive to his teachings. they also acquired sufficient knowledge in all arts.
Dhoomaketu also took his students on tour to many places of divine importance, particularly Shiva temple, telling them the reputation and history of the temples. During one such visit. he visited this Kambatta Viswanathar temple. Admiring Dhoomaketu’s devotion to him and his righteous teachings, Lord Shin granted darshan to him with Mother. Enjoying Lord’s grace. Dhoomaketu named Lord as Aadhi Kampatta Viswesar and Mother Anandha Nidhi. Lord Shiva named the holy spring here as Dhoomaketu Theertham.
Kambatta Viswanathar Temple Kumbakonam History
There was a mint facility in this place during the period of Cholas. Hence, the place was called as Kambattam (in Tamil), the place where gold and silver coins were produced.As the temple is situated in the midst of mint facility, the Lord came to be called as Kambatta Viswanathar, Saint Moorka Nayanar engaged himself in gambling in this place.The last consecration of the temple was held on 26 October 2015.
This Temple is facing towards east. The temple is having an entrance arch on the eastern side. Nandavanam can be found immediately after entrance arch. Nandi, Balipeedam and Dwajastambam can be found facing the sanctum but located before the three-tiered Rajagopuram.There is a Nayakkar era conical shaped Mandapam immediately after the Rajagopuram.There is an idol of Dhoomaketu located near the entrance of the sanctum. Presiding Deity is called as Aadhi Kambatta Viswanathar / Visveswar and is facing east.
He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam. Vinayagar, Dakshinamoorthy, Lingothbhava and Brahma are the Koshta idols located around the sanctum walls. Mother is called as Anandhanithi / Nidhiyammai. She is housed in a separate south facing shrine. There are idols of Naalvar and Mangaiyarkarasi (Queen of Pandya King & daughter of Chola King), one of celebrated 63 Nayanmars on the southern side of the temple premises.
There is a mandapam on the western side, housing the shrines of Vinayaga. Murugan and Mahalakshmi. There is a small shrine dedicated to Vinayaga under Vilwa Tree.Theertham associated with this Temple are Balavi Theertham and Dhoomakedhu Theertham. Sthala Vriksham is Jasmine (Malligai).
Kambatta Viswanathar Temple Opening Time
Time The Temple remains open from 7.00 am to 12.00 noon and 4.00 pm to 8.30 pm.
Kambatta Viswanathar Temple Kumbakonam Festivals
Purattasi Navaratri, Margazhi Thiruvadhirai, Panguni Uthiram, Masi Maha Shivrathri and Arudhra Darshan are the festivals celebrated here. The visit of Lord Adhi Kampatta Viswanathar along with Mother to Mahamaha Tank on the particular day is grandly celebrated in the temple.
Kambatta Viswanathar Temple Kumbakonam Prayers
Students pray in the temple for excellence and ranks and goldsmiths pray here for success and prosperity in the profession.
How to Reach Kambatta Viswanathar Temple Kumbakonam?
The Temple is located at about I Km from Kumbakonam Railway Station and 1.5 Kms from Kumbakonam Bus Stand.The Temple is situated on Kumbakonam to Darasuram route. Kumbakonam is well-connected by road and rail with the rest of India. Kumbakonam is located at about 6 Kms from Thirunageswaram, 8 Kms from Patteeswaram, 9 Kms from Thiruvidaimarudur, 9 Kms from Nachiyar Koil, 15 Kms from Papanasam, 34 Kms from Mayiladuthurai, 35 Kms from Thiruvaiyaru, 40 Kms from Thanjavur, 42 Kms from Thiruvarur, 88 Kms from Trichy, 101 Kms from Trichy Airport and 283 Kms from Chennai.
There are regular government and private bus services to Chennai, Thanjavur, Mannargudi. Trichy, Chidambaram, Tiruppur, Mayiladuthurai, Nagapattinam, Coimbatore. Palani, Thoothukudi, Madurai, Sivagangai. Puducherry and Tirunelveli. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates daily services from Bengaluru and Mysuru to Kumbakonam.