- May 21, 2021
🛕 Koneswarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in the town of Kudavasal in Thiruvarur District of Tamilnadu. Main Deity is Swayambu Lingam known as Koneswarar / Konanathan and his consort known as Periya Nayaki / Bhriha Nayaki. Rays of Sun fall on the Lord for three days during Panguni month-March-April. Theertham is known as Amrutha Theertham, seen in front of the temple and Sthala Vriksham is Plantain. This is one of the 78 Maadakovils, built on an elevation, by Ko Chenkata Chola Nayanar so that elephants cannot enter the sanctum.
🛕 The Saivite saints, Sambandar and Arunagirinathar have sung praises of the temple. It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams – Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Thevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirugnanasambandar. This is the 211th Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 94th Sthalam on the south side of river Cauvery in Chozha Nadu. Arunagirinathar composed Thirupugazh on Murugan of this temple.
🛕 During the Great Floods-Pralaya, Lord Brahmma placed the Vedas in a nectar pot which too was washed by the floods and came to south. To create the world again, Lord Shiva shot on the pot in the guise of a hunter. The pieces fell at different places where Lord appeared as Swayambu Linga. The mouth part of the pot fell at this place where too Lord appeared as a Swayambumurthy. This was later covered by an ant-hill.
🛕 As per another legend, Garuda, the eagle of Hindu god Vishnu worshipped Shiva at this place. The mother of Garuda, Vinatha, was a slave of a demon king named Kathru. Garuda wanted to rescue his mother from the demon and he brought a pot of nectar from the abode of Brahma. A demon snatched the pot from Garuda and placed it on an ant hill. Garuda defeated the demon in a battle that followed and while trying to rescue the pot, he found that it was covered by the anthill. He dug the anthill with his beak and found a Linga under the anthill. He prayed to Shiva, explaining his venture; Shiva was pleased and helped Garuda rescue his mom from the clutches. The scar on the image of the Shiva in the form of Lingam is believed to have been caused by Garuda. So Garuda is seen in the compound walls of the temple as usually seen in Vishnu temples.
🛕 Kochengat Chola was a Chola king and one of the 63 Nayanmars (Saivite saints) of Saivism. He is believed to have attained spiritual rebirth of a spider that fought with an elephant in its previous birth over the worship of the Hindu god Shiva. He had red eyes during birth as he remained in his mother’s womb a little longer. His mother, looking into the babies red eyes said Kochenganan (in Tamil Ko=king, cheng=red, Kan=eyes), which literally means king with red eyes and hence he was named Kochengat Cholan. After becoming a king, he followed Saivism and built seventy Maadakovils, temples with elevated structure where elephants cannot reach the sanctum, in the Chola Empire. The temple is counted as one of the seventy temples built by him.
🛕 Shiva is said to have appeared out of a pot (Kudam) and relieved Drinabandu Munivar of his leprosy and hence the name Kudavasal.
🛕 Garuda, Bhrigu Maharishi, Jatayu, Agni, Sutha Maharishi and Thaalappiyar worshipped Lord Shiva here.
Vishnu Floated in Earthen Vessel
🛕 It is believed that when the great deluge submerged the earth, Vishnu remained afloat in an earthen vessel that stretched from Kudavasal to Kumbakonam.
🛕 It is also believed that a part of the celestial nectar Amritam dropped here; hence a bath in the temple tank here is considered sacred during the Mahamagam festival at Kumbakonam.
🛕 This is one of the 78 Maadakovils, built on an elevation, by Ko Chenkata Chola Nayanar so that elephants cannot enter the sanctum. This temple is also known as Konastanam. The temple has two prakaram, and there is no Raja gopuram for the temple. Main Deity is Swayambu Lingam known as Koneswarar / Konanathan and his consort known as Periya Nayaki / Bhriha Nayaki. Rays of Sun fall on the Lord for three days during Panguni month-March-April. Theertham is known as Amrutha Theertham, seen in front of the temple and Sthala Vriksham is Plantain.
🛕 Saint Thirugnana Sambandar had mentioned this temple in his hymn as Ezhilkola Mada Koil – beautiful Mada temple. As Lord Shiva granted his darshan from a high level place, it is praised as mini Kailash. Shrine of Anumadhi Vinayakar is located at the entrance of the temple in outer prakaram. Lord Kasi Viswanatha graces opposite the entrance. There is a Dwajasthambam and Nandi in front. After entering the temple, Sanctum for Periya Nayaki Amman in standing posture with Abhaya Varada Hastham can be seen.
🛕 Opposite to the sanctum Vahana Mandapam is seen. There is no separate Durgai in this temple; Ambal is worshiped as “Brugan Durgai”. Inside the temple, a three storey Gopuram can be seen. Shrines of Idumban, Dhandapani and Saraswathi can be seen in this prakaram. Shrine of Murugan with Valli and Deivanai with peacock mandapam and Maha mandapam is located to North West corner of the prakaram. Arunagirinathar sang Thirupugazh on Lord Murugan here.
🛕 Sthala Vriksham Plantain, Jack Fruit tree, Navagraha, Murugan, Mahalakshmi, Thirunabindhu Muni, Saptha Madhas, Nalwar, Sundarar and Paravai Nachiyar can also be seen in this prakaram. In front of Sundarar shrine, there are steps to climb and reach the main sanctum. There are 24 steps to reach sanctum. Natarajar is seen here. There is a Maha Mandapam, Nandi Mandapam with pillars and Artha mandapam to cross to reach the main sanctum of Koneswarar. The Lingam is big in size with a square Avudayar. Lord Shiva, as a Swayambumurthy is facing west. The scar caused by the sharp nose of Garuda the eagle is visible on the Linga. There is no Durga in the Shiva ghoshta wall.
🛕 Maalai Vazhi Pattu Vinayaka-Vinayaka for evening worship to whom the first puja in the evening is dedicated and also a shrine for Twin Vinayakas can also be seen. Vinayaka of the temple is worshipped as Siddhi Vinayaka. The Amrutha Theertham-sacred spring is outside opposite the temple. On the bank of theertha is Vinayaka in the name of Aadhi Gajanathar. The structure is such that the Vimana of Aadhi Gajanathar is visible from the Lord’s shrine within the temple. On the Masi Magam day, five deities-Panchamurthis, Lord Koneswarar, Mother Peria Nayaki, Lord Vinayaka, Lord Muruga and Lord Chandikeswara visit the Amrutha Theertha for Theerthavari festival.
🛕 There are two Bhairavars, one without the dog vaahana. Sun and Moon grace the devotees in sitting and standing form respectively. Those who had failed to perform the rituals for their ancestors pray to Sun and Moon seeking pardon. Sage Soodha before Lord Shiva appears worshipping the Lord. There are also shrines for four Saivite Saints, Sundarar (one among the four saints) with Paravai Nachiyar, Mother Saraswathi without her Veena Mother Gajalakshmi and Saptha Madhas.
🛕 The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. 9.00 p.m.
🛕 Five worship services are offered each day. Masi Magam Brahmmotsavam in February-March; Vaikasi Visakam in May-June; Navarathri in September-October; Skanda Sashti in October-November; Tiruvadhirai in December-January; Arudra Dharisanam and Panguni Uthiram in March-April are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
🛕 Those who are sad for not fulfilling the wishes of their mothers, pray to Lord Shiva for peace of mind. Those concerned with the welfare of children also pray here. Those facing problems in marriage efforts light ghee lamps on lime cups during the Rahu Kala time in Mother Durga shrine. Realizing their wishes devotees perform special abishek to Lord and Mother offering vastras.
🛕 The Temple is located at about 23 Kms from Thiruvarur, 20 Kms from Kumbakonam, 4 Kms from Thirucherai, 9 Kms from Nachiyar Koil, 12 Kms from Srivanchiyam and 110 Kms from Trichy. This temple is situated at Kudavasal on the Kumbakonam – Tiruvarur route by road. The temple is on the main road itself. The Temple is located at about 500 metres from bus-stand. Nearest Railway Station is located at Thiruvarur and Kumbakonam. Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.
Kudavasal – 612 601,
Mobile: +91 – 94439 59839.