- May 21, 2021
🛕 Manikandeeswarar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Kanchipuram City in Kanchipuram District of Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Manikandeeswarar / Visha Kandeeswarar and Mother is called as Kamakshi. This Temple is considered as one of the 108 Shiva temples mentioned in Kanchi Puranam. This Temple is also called as Manikandeesam. This Temple is considered as one of Navagraha Sthalams of Kanchipuram dedicated to Sani (Planet Saturn). This Temple is considered as Sani Parihara Sthalam.
🛕 During the churning of the Ocean of Milk (Samudra Manthana), Mount Mandara was used as the churning rod, and Vasuki, a Nagaraja who abides on Lord Shiva’s neck, became the churning rope. During the churning process, the Halahala poison escaped from the mouth of the serpent king Vasuki. This terrified the gods and demons because the poison was so powerful that it could destroy all of creation. Despite this, the Devas and the Asuras pulled back and forth on the snake’s body alternately, causing the mountain to rotate, which in turn churned the ocean. The Devas then approached Lord Shiva for protection.
🛕 Lord Shiva consumed the poison. Lord Shiva was suffering intense pain. Mother Parvati immediately places a hand on his throat, stopping the poison to flow any further, and by her Maya stopped it forever. As a result, his throat turned blue and he was henceforth called Neelakantha (the blue-throated one; Neela – blue, Kantha – throat in Sanskrit). Devas felt bad that Lord Shiva drank the poison and pledged his life for their sake. Devas came to Kanchipuram and installed Shiva Linga here. Hence Lord Shiva came to be called as Manikandeeswarar. Devas worshipped the Linga to get relief from their sin of making Lord Shiva to drink Halahala poison.
🛕 Vasuki was afflicted with sin for spitting the Halahala poison. To get relief from the sin, Vasuki came to Kanchipuram, created a tank called Vasuki Theertham and installed a Shiva Linga. Vasuki offered precious Rathna to Lord Shiva. Vasuki got relief from the sin and Vasuki was granted the boon of decorating the body of Lord Shiva. Hence, Lord Shiva came to be called as Panamanneeswarar. This Linga can be seen in the prakaram.
🛕 The Temple is believed to be built by Pallavas in 8th Century CE and completely reconstructed in granite during Chola period.
🛕 This temple is facing towards west with an entrance arch from the southern side. The entrance arch has stucco image of Rishabaroodar flanked by Nandis on the corner. There is a shrine for Vinayaga at the right side of the entrance arch. The entrance arch is facing towards south side. Nandi and Balipeedam can be found facing the sanctum. The Sanctum Sanctorum consists of Sanctum, Antrala, Ardha Mandapam and Maha Mandapam.
🛕 Idols of Chandran and Suryan can be found in the Ardha Mandapam. Presiding Deity is called as Manikandeeswarar / Visha Kandeeswarar and is facing west. He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam. Vinayagar, Dakshinamoorthy, Brahma, Vishnu and Durga are the Koshta Idols located around the sanctum walls. The Vimana over the sanctum follows Vesara style architecture and is of two tiers.
🛕 As in other temples in Kanchipuram, there is no separate shrine of Parvathi as it is believed that Kamakshi of Kanchipuram Kamakshi Temple is the common Parvathi shrine for all Shiva temples. There are shrines for Lord Murugan with his consorts Valli & Deivanai, Vinayaga, Sundarambal, Panamanneeswarar, Markandeswarar, Kanikandeeswarar, Nagas, Bhairavar and Padavettamman in the temple premises.
🛕 The temple remains open from 07.00 am to 11.00 am and 05.00 pm to 08.00 pm.
🛕 The Temple is located at about 2.5 Kms from Kanchipuram Bus Stand, 3 Kms from Kanchipuram East Railway Station and 4 Kms from Kanchipuram Railway Station. This temple is situated on Kanchipuram to Chengalpattu main road. Kanchipuram is located at about 18 Kms from Walajabad, 31 Kms from Sriperumbudur, 40 Kms from Chengalpattu, 60 Kms from Chennai Airport, 67 Kms from Mahabalipuram and 72 Kms from Chennai.
🛕 Kanchipuram is most easily accessible by road. The Chennai – Bangalore National Highway, NH 4 passes the outskirts of the city. Daily bus services are provided by the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation to and from Chennai, Bangalore, Villupuram, Salem, Tirupati, Thiruthani, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Coimbatore, Tindivanam and Pondicherry. There are two major bus routes to Chennai, one connecting via Poonamallee and the other via Tambaram.
🛕 The Tamil Nadu state government operated transport corporation runs buses from Kanchipuram to most major towns in Tamil Nadu. Buses from Chennai leave for Kanchipuram every fifteen minutes from the Koyambedu interstate bus terminal. There is also an air-conditioned bus service numbered Z576 from 5.00 AM to 6.00 PM, which departs from the T-Nagar bus terminal every hour. Buses from Bangalore leave for Kanchipuram seven times a day.
Tamil Nadu 603103.