- May 28, 2021
🛕 Matsya Moorthy Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located at Thuvarimaan near Madurai City in Madurai District of Tamil Nadu. The temple is located on the banks of Vaigai River. There are only few temples dedicated to Matsya Avatar of Lord Vishnu and this Temple is one among them. This place is considered as South Dwaraka and is believed to be the Avathara Sthalam of Matsya Moorthy.
🛕 Matsya Avatar took place in the vicinity of Madurai on the banks of river Kritamala. Lord appeared as a fish to great devoted king Satyavrata. The first Avatar of Lord Vishnu is in the form of a Fish, when He rescued the Vedas, the scriptures of the Hindus from the depths of the ocean. There are only a few temples for the Matsya Moorthy. One is in Nagalapuram, Andhra Pradesh and another at Thuvariman Agraharam, situated near Madurai in Tamil Nadu.
🛕 One day of Brahma is called Kalpa. At the end of the day felt sleepy and yawned. The Vedas slipped out of his mouth, a Demon Somakudu stole them and hid them in the Ocean. The Vedas are required for creation by Brahma after Dissolution of the earth and it was approaching. Responding to the Prayers of Brahma, Lord Vishnu took the form of a small fish and reached the beach where Satyavrata Manu was performing his morning Sandhyavandanam, morning Ritual to the Sun god Surya.
🛕 Manu was a Dravidian King, yet another proof that the Santana Dharma originated in the South. The fish sought refuge from Manu. He kept it in a small vessel filled with water. It grew larger than the receptacles irrespective of the size of the receptacle. Manu realized it was Lord Vishnu and Lord Vishnu explained to him about the theft of the Vedas and assigned Manu the task of collecting Herbs, seeds of plants and animals with the help of the Divine serpent Vasuki and the Saptha Rishis (Seven Sages).
🛕 As Manu went about this job, Vishnu Killed Somakuda, restored the Vedas and handed them back to Brahma. Generally, this Avatar is to save the world from Deluge. As the deluge began, the Fish tied to a Boat with the Serpent Vasuki, with all the seeds, sages, Manu and animals, dragged it to safety.
🛕 In days of yore, rain failed in the northern regions of India forcing people to migrate to the south. The famine was so acute that people had no hopes of survival then. A group came to the place, presently known as Thuvariman. They took up agriculture for their livelihood. They prayed to God that a famine of the intensity they experienced in the north should never revisit them and their lives should be ever peaceful and happy. Perumal Lord Vishnu appeared in the dream of one of the devotees and assured that not only during their life time but their next generations too would not have to see famines and they would ever be happier. People, recording their gratitude to the Perumal, constructed a small temple and were worshipping him.
🛕 The temple is in accordance with the Pancharathra Agama, having Lord Shiva in the Centre, Aiyanar in South and the presiding Perumal Rangarajar in the Southwest. Presiding Deity is called as Rangarajar in a standing posture with his consorts Sridevi and Boodevi. As the Srirangam Temple is in between two rivers (Cauvery and Coloroon), Thuvariman temple also is in between Vaigai and a river called Kritamala as if they adore the neck of the Lord as a garland seeking his blessings. The place was earlier called as Thuvariamman and in course of time came to be known as Thuvariman.
🛕 Kings used to visit this temple and pray to Lord Rangarajar before going to the battle field seeking his blessings for victory. The sanctum Sanctorum of the temple is small showing that the kings prayed to God in all humility with their heads bent. Theertham associated with this Temple are Vaigai River and Kritamala River. The Karnataka government gave some lands for meeting the daily pujas of the temple according to the inscription found in the temple stones. Chakrathazhwar is in the right back of the Lord while Lord Hayagriva, the authority for high education, Garuda and Sri Krishna are in separate shrines.
🛕 The temple remains open from 5.00 a.m. to 8.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.
🛕 Tamil New Year day, Vaikunda Ekadasi, Janmashtami-the birth day of Lord Krishna, Navarathri, Saturdays in the Tamil month of Purattasi (September-October), Karthikai-the festival of lamps, all the 30 days in the month of Margazhi-December-January are festive days.
🛕 Thuvariman has the significance of being celebrated with the hymns (Mangalasasanam) of the Jeers (Teachers of Vaishnava philosophy).
🛕 For relief from the hurdles in the way of marriage settlement, for children, for a peaceful and happy family life, for good education, for getting a job suiting to one’s qualifications, for removal of problems in the family, for cure from illness, for trade developments, devotees come to Thuvariman Lord seeking his blessings. Devotees offer silk cloths to the Lord and perform Thirumanjanam and offer jewels. For achieving high ranks in education, devotees perform special pujas to Lord Hayagriva, the Horse-faced Lord Vishnu.
🛕 The Temple is located at about 600 meters from Thuvariman Bus Stop, 5 Kms from Samayanallur Railway Station, 10 Kms from Madurai, 9 Kms from Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple, 8 Kms from Madurai Periyar Bus Stand, 14 Kms from Madurai Mattuthavani Integrated Bus Terminus, 8 Kms from Madurai Railway Junction and 25 Kms from Madurai Airport. Buses from the Madurai Periyar Bus Stand bound to Kuruvithurai, Mannadimangalam pass through Thuvariman. The temple is close to the bus stop.