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Saturday 19th of June 2021

Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi Thanjavur – History, Timings & Address


Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi Thanjavur

🛕 Prananadeswarar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Tirumangalakudi Village near Aduthurai Town in Thiruvidaimarudur Taluk in Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Prananadeswarar / Pranavaratheswarar and Mother is called as Mangala Nayaki.

🛕 The Temple is considered as one of the Saptha Sthana Temples of Kanjanur. This Temple is the 92nd Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 38th Sthalam on north side of Cauvery River in Chozha Nadu. Thirugnana Sambandar and Appar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi Legends

Prananadeswarar & Mangalambikai

🛕 The temple is believed to have been built by Alaivanar, a minister of Kulothunga Chola I. Minister Alaivanar built this temple from the revenues of his kingdom without the permission of Kulothunga Chola I. This invited the wrath of the king and Minister Alaivanar was ordered to be beheaded by King Kulothunga. The minister accepted the punishment but requested the king that he should be cremated at his native place, Thirumangalakkudi.

🛕 However, Alaivanar’s wife prayed to the goddess and begged her to save her husband’s life. Her prayer was heard, and the minister’s life was reinstated by the goddess when his body was brought to this place. As the Mangalyam (Mangal Sutra) of Alaivanar’s wife was saved by bringing back Alaivanar life by the goddess of this temple, she came to be called as Mangalanayagi and Lord Shiva came to be called as Prananadeswarar (Pranam means life in Tamil).

Navagrahas got Relieved of their Curse here

🛕 As per Hindu legend, Sage Kalva was suffering from serious ailments along with leprosy. He prayed to the Navagrahas, the nine planet deities. The planets were pleased by his devotion and offered cure to the sage. Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, was angered as he felt that the planets have no powers to provide boons to humans. He cursed the nine planets to suffer from leprosy. The planets begged for mercy. Lord Brahma asked them to go to Thirumangalakkudi and pray Kol Vinai Theertha Vinayagar (Ganesh who absolved sins of planets) to be absolved from their sins.

🛕 As per another belief, the planets came to this place, performed penance on Lord Shiva and got relieved of the curse. It is thus noteworthy that Lord Shiva of the temple cured the disease of the planets themselves who have a control over the lives of humans. The place where the Navagrahas had performed penance is now known as Suryanar Koil. It is a common believe that those facing the adverse effects of the planetary positions of Sun (Lord Suryan) should visit this temple first before proceeding to Suriyanarkoil.

No Navagraha Shrine

🛕 There is no shrine for Navagrahas in this Temple. It is believed that the Navagrahas in the nearby Suriyanar Koil are the ones belonging to this temple. This is the place where Navagrahas themselves worshipped and got rid of their sins. So, devotees set to Suriyanar Koil, should visit this temple first to complete their worship.

Pancha Mangala Kshetra

🛕 The Temple is known as Pancha Mangala Kshetra. The name of the place is Mangalakudi. The Goddess is Mangalambikai. The Vimana over the sanctum is Mangala Vimanam. The Theertham is Mangala Theertham. The Vinayaka is Mangala Vinayaka. Everything in the temple is Mangala (Prosperity).

Shorter Avudaiyar

🛕 The Bana of the Linga is taller than the Avudayar in this temple. There is a story behind this unique form of Linga. Sage Agasthya is believed to have visited this temple. As Sage Agastya was short in stature, it was difficult for him to garland the Lord. Hence, Lord Shiva shortened the Avudaiyar so that Sage Agastya could offer the flowers without any difficulty. Hence, Lord Shiva came to be called as Agastheeswarar.

Curd Rice Nivedhana without Salt on a Vellerukku Leaf

🛕 It is also said that the Navagrahas offered curd rice nivedhana without salt on a Vellerukku leaf to Lord. Following this belief, curd rice nivedhana without salt is offered during the midday puja in the temple. Also, those failing in the annual ritual for their forefathers offer this nivedhana to Lord.

Eyes of Lord Shiva

🛕 There are two Theerthams in this temple called as Surya Theertham and Chandra Theertham. Suryan and Chandran are considered to be the two eyes of Lord Shiva. Both of them are here in the form of Theertham.

People Worshipped Lord Shiva here

🛕 It is believed that Goddess Parvathy, Kali, Bhooma Devi, Akashvani, Surya, Lord Vishnu, Lord Brahma and Sage Agastya have worshiped Lord Shiva in this temple.

Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi History

🛕 The temple was extensively renovated during 11th century by Kulothunga Chola. There are about 6 inscriptions dated to Kulothunga, Rajaraja and Kadava chieftain Kopperuchinga. This temple is currently under the administrative control of Thiruvavaduthurai Aadheenam.

🛕 This Temple is facing towards east with 5 tiered Rajagopuram and has two prakarams. Balipeedam, Nandhi and Dwajastambam can be found in the Mukamandapam facing the sanctum. Presiding Deity is called as Prananadeswarar / Pranavaratheswarar and is facing east. He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam. Lord is a Swayambhu Moorthy. Traditionally, the Linga-Bana is shorter than the height of the Avudaiyar, the seat or peeta. The Linga part is taller than the Avudaiyar part in this temple.

🛕 Vinayaka, Dakshinamurthy, Rishabaroodar, Brahma and Durga are the Koshta idols located around the sanctum walls. Chandrasekarar, Mayil Vahanan, Naalvar, Pradosha Nayagar are the Utsava idols present in this Temple. Mothers Mahalakshmi and Saraswathi (without Veena in hands) are on both sides of the sanctum as Dwarapalakis. Still noteworthy is that they are sitting in Padmasana style.

🛕 Mother is called as Mangala Nayaki. She is housed in a south facing shrine. The Temple is known as Pancha Mangala Kshetra. The name of the place is Mangalakudi. The Goddess is Mangalambikai. The Vimana over the sanctum is Mangala Vimanam. The Theertham is Mangala Theertham. The Vinayaka is Mangala Vinayaka. Everything in the temple is Mangala (Prosperity).

🛕 There are two Natarajas in the Prakara with Mother Sivakami. There is a Bhoodha Gana playing a musical instrument under the feet of the Nataraja near the main Nataraja. There is a Maragatha Lingam (Lingam in green stone, Emerald) near the Nataraja shrine. Abhishekam is performed to this Lingam during midday using Valampuri Shanku (conch with a right bend).

🛕 There are two Durgas present in this Temple. While Shiva Durga is present behind the Somaskanda shrine, Vishnu Durga is present on the Koshta wall of the main shrine. In both the Durga shrines, Mahishasura is not present, another rarity. There is also idol of River Cauvery near the Durga in the Shiva shrine. There is a unique procession mount in this temple called Purusha Mirugam (a mix of human, animal and bird).

🛕 There is no shrine for Navagrahas in this Temple. It is believed that the Navagrahas in the nearby Suriyanar Koil are the ones belonging to this temple. This is the place where Navagrahas themselves worshipped and got rid of their sins. So, devotees set to Suriyanar Koil, should visit this temple first to complete their worship.

🛕 There are shrines and idols of Mangala Vinayagar, Shanmuga, Gajalakshmi, Bairavar, Chandrasekarar, Agasthiya Lingam, Nalvar, Haradatta and Meikandar and 11 Shivalingams placed in a row in the prakaram. Theerthams associated with this Temple are Mangala Theertham, Cauvery River, Surya Theertham and Chandra Theertham.

🛕 Surya and Chandra Theerthams are situated in the prakaram. It is said that these two planets considered as two eyes of Lord Shiva are in the Theertha (Spring) form to cool their Lord. Abishek Water for the Lord is drawn from these springs. Unlike the other temples, there are three Sthala Vrikshams namely Kongu, Ilavu and Vellerukku in this Temple.

Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi Opening Time

🛕 The temple remains open from 6.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.

Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi Festivals

🛕 10-day Panguni Uthiram Brahmotsavam (Mar-Apr) is the most famous festival celebrated here. During Brahmotsavam, on the seventh day, the wedding festival is celebrated at night time. This is opposed to the traditional way of celebrating it during the day. Aani Thirumanjanam (June-July), Vinayakar Chaturthi (Aug-Sept), Navaratri (Sept-Oct) and Margazhi Thiruvadhirai (Dec-Jan) are the other festivals celebrated here.

🛕 Monthly Sankatahara Chathurthi, Krithikai, Pradoshams, Deepavali, Makara Sankranti, Tamil and English New Year days are observed with special abishekams and Poojas. Special poojas are offered to Lord Bairavar on Ashtami days. Special poojas are performed to the idol of river Cauvery during Aadi Perukku (18th day of Tamil month Aadi (Jul-Aug)).

🛕 Goddess Mangalambikai of this temple is prayed by women for long married life (Dheerka Sumangali Bagyam). The Thali (Mangal Sutra) thread tied in the hands of the goddess is offered as prasad to women. The worship also removes delays in marriage affairs in families. Those who are already married will be blessed with marital prosperity. Married women replace the new thread and leave the old one in the goddess’s shrine.

🛕 Worship of Mother Mangalambikai for five consecutive Mondays ensure safety to the Mangal Sutra blessing, relief from the adverse aspects of the serpent planets Rahu and Ketu and of Sani Bhagwan. They also follow a commitment of honoring five Sumangalis (married women) with turmeric, Kumkum, flower, betel nut, a comb, hand mirror, bangles, Mangal Sutra thread, a blouse bit and money and seek their blessings.

🛕 Those visiting Suryanar Koil for relief from planetary adversities should visit Prana Nadheswarar temple first and then only proceed for the Navagraha temple as a rule. It is also said that the Navagrahas offered curd rice nivedhana without salt on a Vellerukku leaf to Lord. Following this belief, curd rice nivedhana without salt is offered during the midday puja in the temple. Also, those failing in the annual ritual for their forefathers offer this nivedhana to Lord.

🛕 There is a Maragatha (emerald Linga) in Nataraja shrine. Daily midday abishek is offered to this Linga with milk, rosewater, honey and sandal poured through a conch-Valampuri Sangu. Consuming this abishek Prasad is believed to be an effective treatment for diseases. Plantain fruits, betel nut nivedhana is offered.

🛕 Devotees hold curd rice on Vellerukku leaves between 12-12.30 midday times, offer it as nivedhana to Lord and take part in the pujas in the prakara continuously for 11 Sundays for relief from planetary problems and remedy from all diseases.

🛕 Abishek to Lord is performed with cosmetic powders, oil, rice flour, honey, milk, panchamirtham, curd, fruit juices, green coconut, sandal and sacred ash. Those who can afford, organize feeding-Annadhanam. Devotees perform pooja to Agasthya Lingam on new moon day with the hope that they will be relieved from the sins and curses accrued in their previous birth.

How to Reach Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi?

🛕 The Temple is located at about 350 meters from Tirumangalakudi Bus Stop, 1 Km from Suriyanar Koil, 2 Kms from Aduthurai Bus Stand, 3 Kms from Aduthurai, 3 Kms from Aduthurai Railway Station, 4 Kms from Kanjanur, 9 Kms from Kathiramangalam, 14 Kms from Kumbakonam, 14 Kms from Kumbakonam Railway Station, 24 Kms from Mayiladuthurai, 53 Kms from Thanjavur and 113 Kms from Trichy Airport. It is situated on the road between Kumbakonam and Kathiramangalam. Bus facilities are available from Mayiladuthurai, Aduthurai, Anakarai and Thiruppanandal. The devotees should get down at Tirumangalakudi Bus Stop.

Prananadeswarar Temple Tirumangalakudi Address

Prananadeswarar Temple,
Tirumangalakudi, Thiruvidaimaruthur Taluk
Thanjavur District – 612102
Phone: +91 435 247 0480.



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