- May 21, 2021
🛕 Surya Koteeswarar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Keela Suriya Moolai Village near Thiruloki in Thiruvidaimarudur Taluk in Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Surya Koteeswarar and Mother is called as Pavalakkodi Amman. The Temple is situated on the southern banks of Pazhavaru, a branch of River Cauvery. The Temple is considered as Parihara Sthalam for Pitru Doshas.
🛕 As per legend, Lord Surya was sad that he could not participate in the Pradosha Pujas dedicated to Lord Shiva because Pradosha time happens in evening when Sun has to be on duty. He consulted with his disciple Sage Yajnavalkya, who learnt all Vedas and Sastras from Sun. Sage Yajnavalkya encased all his yogic powers gained by reciting mantras from Vedas in Bhaskara Chakra he made and submitted at the feet of Lord Shiva of this Temple which grew into an Illuppai Tree.
🛕 He also created a forest of Illupai Trees in this place. He crushed the seeds of Illuppai tree to produce oil. He used to light 1 crore deepas daily from the oil crushed to worship Lord Surya Koteeswarar to bless his Guru, Surya. This worship took place during the twilight hours. This almost coincides with Pradosha time also. Thus, Surya, Sun God had the darshan of all these deepas and derived the benefits of Pradosha worship.
🛕 As per legend, Lord Surya lost his brightness due to Lord Shiva’s anger by attending Daksha Yagna. On his Guru advice, he came to this place amidst Illuppai forest and found Lord Shiva in the form of divine light occupying the entire place. He worshipped Lord Shiva and regained his brightness back.
🛕 It is also believed Sage Agastya taught several slokas from Hridya Manthra to Lord Rama in the Srilanka battle field. After getting the knowledge of this powerful Mantra, Lord Rama was able to win the war and got Sita back. Also, on Lord Rama request, Sage Agastya taught Aditya Hridya Mantra on peaceful Shuba Hora times. It is believed that he taught these Mantras to Lord Rama in this Temple.
🛕 It is believed that Lord Surya is worshipping Lord Shiva of this temple in Sushma form from dawn to dusk. Normally, in all other temples, the sanctum and the shrines will be dark due to the absence of natural sun light. But in this temple, it is vice versa. If you take a mirror inside the temple, its reflection can be seen on the walls.
🛕 Sukracharya visited several temples and performed Poojas to get back his lost eyesight. He performed Hridya Manthra Homa Pooja to Lord Shiva of this Temple in the presence of Sage Agasthya. He got back his eyesight.
🛕 As Lord Shiva gave the Moola Dhara Sakthi to Lord Surya, this place came to be called as Surya Moolai. As this temple is situated to the north east of Suriyanar Koil, the village came to be called as Keezh Surya Moolai.
🛕 It is believed that Lord Surya got relieved of leprosy here by worshipping Lord Shiva of this Temple.
🛕 The Temple is facing towards east. There is no Rajagopuram as it might obstruct the rising sun. Nandi and Balipeedam, housed in a Mandapam can be seen immediately after the entrance facing the sanctum. The Sanctum Sanctorum consists of Sanctum, Artha Mandapam and Maha Mandapam. Presiding Deity is called as Surya Koteeswarar and is facing east. He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam.
🛕 Sun God is worshipping Lord Surya Koteeswarar each day from morning to dusk. The shadow of Lord falls on the wall as a proof of this belief. Shrines of Bhairavar and Surya can be found in the northeast corner of Maha Mandapam. Mother is called as Pavalakkodi Amman. She is housed in a separate south facing shrine. The right leg is slightly ahead of her left leg as if she is walking towards us. She has her toe ring only in one leg.
🛕 There is a shrine for Lord Bhairava called as Swarna Bhairava in the temple. It is noteworthy that during Aarati, a small red ray appears on his neck. It is said that by the movement of the coral light on the neck, devotees believe that he relieves the adverse aspects of Sun and Moon Gods. There is a shrine for Sundara Maha Lakshmi in the temple premises. She is in Padmasana posture. She is having six toes in her right foot.
🛕 There is a shrine for Navagrahas with their vahanas (vehicles) in the northwest corner of the temple premises. All the planets are facing sun. There are shrines for Ananda Dakshinamurthy, Shakti Vinayaka, Muruga with his consorts Valli and Deivanai, Durga, Nagalingam and Chandikeswarar in the temple premises. Sthala Vriksham is Illuppai Tree.
🛕 The Temple remains open from 6.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.
🛕 Maha Shivrathri in February-March and Monthly Pradoshams are celebrated here with much fanfare.
🛕 Those facing adverse aspects of Sun, perform abishek to Lord with green coconut for relief. Devotees pray here for relief from eye related diseases. Devotees light lamps to Lord Surya Koteeswarar during the Pradosha time, perform abishek and offer vastras. People also pray to Lord Bhairava for relief from debt burdens and wants. The Temple is considered as Parihara Sthalam for Pitru Doshas.
🛕 The Temple is located at about 2 Kms from Thiruloki, 7 Kms from Thiruppanandal, 8 Kms from Suriyanar Koil, 10 Kms from Aduthurai Railway Station, 10 Kms from Aduthurai, 13 Kms from Thiruvidaimaruthur, 21 Kms from Kumbakonam, 22 Kms from Mayiladuthurai, 60 Kms from Thanjavur and 114 Kms from Trichy Airport. The Temple is situated on Kumbakonam – Kanjanur – Thiruloki Route. Take a bus to Thiruloki from Kumbakonam via Kanjanur and the bus stops near the temple itself.
Surya Koteeswarar Temple,
Keela Suriya Moolai,
Tamil Nadu 609804.