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Wednesday 23rd of June 2021

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple – History, Festivals & Timings


Thiruchendur Murugan Temple

Read in Tamil

🛕 The Tiruchendur Subramanya Swamy Temple is situated in Tiruchendur, and is dedicated to God Subramanya or Skanda. It is one of the six major abodes of God Subramanya and is the only one among the six to be near the sea, as the other five temples are situated on mountains. The town Tiruchendur once had a different puranic name of Jayanthipuram.

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple History

🛕 The Murugan temple goes back to 2000 years or so. This is where God Muruga had camped before and after his war with the Demon king Surapadma. He worshipped God Shiva in this shrine which was built by Maya. The native red sandstone rock was used as the foundation for the temple and the long Gopuram. The temple’s Vasanta Mandap is a recent addition. It has 120 columns and a central porch. The 16 pillar Ananda Vilas Mandap stands on a raised sandy cliff overlooking the sea. The Shanmukha Vilasam houses an ornate mandap with four pillars in the center.

🛕 The temple’s main entrance opens into the first prahara which is known as the Sivili Mandap. The Temple also has a God Venkatesa (Vishnu) shrine on the northern prahara. The main sanctum sanctorum is dedicated to God Subramanya, who gives darshan in the form of Senthil. Here the God is seen in a standing posture. Short distance away from the main shrine is a cave dedicated to Goddess Vali, one of the consorts of God Muruga. The cave also houses the idol of Dattatreya, the king of the hunter clan. The temple was re-built and improved by kings of various South Indian dynasties like the Pandya and the Chera kings.

About the Deity (Subramanya Swamy)

🛕 In Tiruchendur, God Subramanya gives darshan to devotees in the avatar of Senthil. Senthil is believed to be from Senthur since it acquired the divine significance by being the battleground for God Muruga, which latter after adding the word “Thiru” became Thiruchendur.

Legend and Stories

🛕 Legend has it that the Asura king Surapadma ruled over Veera Mahandrapuri, an island fortress. He did a severe penance asking God Shiva to bless him with immortality; God Shiva pleased with his penance gave him the wish saying that he could be killed only by Shiva’s son. Having this power, the Demon king Surapadman started disturbing the Devas. The Devas complained to God Shiva to put an end to the demon’s atrocities. Accepting their plea, God Shiva created a six fire-spark from his Third eye. The sparks combined to form God Muruga. Obeying God Shiva’s order, he came to Tiruchendur and fought Surapadaman.

🛕 At this time, Guru Bhagawan, the preceptor of the Devas, was in Tapasya in this place praying for the darshan of God Muruga. God Muruga appeared before him and learned the history of the asuras. God Muruga sent his commander-in-chief, Veerabagu to Surapadman, as his messenger. The demon refused to listen to God Muruga’s message. Later, the God went with his battalion and killed him. At the behest of Guru, God Muruga continued to be here. Guru requested Viswakarma, the divine engineer, to build a temple for God Muruga.

Historical Events

🛕 A familiar local tradition runs to the effect that about 1648 AD, a race of seafaring men, identified later as Dutch, descended upon Tiruchendur and carried away the idol Shanmukhar and Siva Natarajar, thinking that they were made of gold. Their attempt at melting it proving futile, they tried to carry them away by sea. But the sea became rough, and rocked the ship violently, so the sailors threw the idols into the sea. The loss of the idols was discovered and duly communicated to Vadamalaiyappa Pillaiyyan, the local administrator of the Nayakkan ruler at Tirunelveli. A great devotee that he was, Pillaiyyan was sorely affected and knew not what to do. He ordered for a similar idol to be made in panchaloka. As the duplicate one was ready, and was on its way to Tiruchendur to be installed, in 1653 Vadamalaiappa Pillaiyyan had a dream.

🛕 Acting to the advice conveyed to him by the God, he put out to sea and following the instructions that the idol was to be found at the spot where a lime fruit would be found floating, and the place marked by the circling overhead of a kite, the bird of Vishnu. Vadamalaiappa Pillaiyyan recovered the original idol and reinstalled it in the temple in the year 1653. The replacement idol was then consecrated in the shrine of Tiruppirantîsvarar alias Venku Patcha Kovil situated east of Palamcottah (known as Murugan Kurichi).

🛕 Vadamalaiappa was greatly struck by the Lord’s grace in giving him this great relief, in memory of which he erected a mantapa at Tiruchendur in his name and endowed it largely for the performance of a Kattalai abhishekam and pujas for Subrahmaniam on the seventh days of Masi and Avani festivals. An inscription at the mantapa relates the incidents referred to.  Among many others, kirtanas composed by Venri Malaik Kavirayar, are sung at this mantapa at the time when Shanmukhar is brought here for Ubaya Mandagappadi on the seventh day of the Masi and Avani festivals. The poem relates the incidents and their rejoicings at the Lord being got back again. “Vadamalai Venba” is another poetic panegyric on Vadamalaiappa Pillaiyyan.

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Festivals

  • Vaikasi Visagam (May – June): Many devotees participate in the festival. A procession of Sri Jayanthinathar with Valli and Deivanai is conducted in the night.
  • Avani Festival (August – September): Devotees numbering about two lakh participate in this festival. On this Avani festival 7th, 8th and 10th day functions are more important. On the 7th, the Sikappu sathi Festival takes place. On 8th, it is the Pachai Sathi Festival and on 10th, there is a Car Festival.
  • Skanda Sasti Festival – 7 days (October – November): Devotees numbering about five lakhs will participate in the above festival. On this festival occasion, devotees fast for all six days. On the 6th day Surasamharam is demonstrated. On the 7th day Thirukkalyanam to Deivanai is celebrated in a grand manner.
  • Masi Festival – 12 days (February – March): More than three lakh people participate in this festival. On the 7th, the Sikappu sathi Festival takes place. On 8th, it is the Pachai Sathi Festival and on 10th, there is a Car Festival. On the 11th day, a floating festival takes place.

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Opening & Closing Time

🛕 The temple is open from 5:00 am to 9:00 pm.

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Pooja Timings

Period

Time

Pooja Detail

Morning

5.10

Subrapadam – Thirupalli Eluchi

Morning

5.30

Viswaroopam Darshan

Morning

5.45

Dwajasthamba Namaskaram

Morning

6.15

Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

Morning

7.00

Udaya Marthanda Deeparadhanai

Morning

8.00 to 8.30

Kalasandhi Pooja

Morning

10.00

Kalasha Pooja

Morning

10.30

Uchikala Abishegam

Noon

12.00

Uchikala Deeparadhanai

Evening

5.00

Sayaratchai Pooja

Night

7.15

Arthasama Abishegam

Night

8.15

Arthasama Pooja

Night

8.30

Ekanda Seva

Night

8.45

Ragasia Deeparadhanai, Palliarai Pooja

Night

9.00

Nadai Thirukappiduthal

Monthly Special Poojas

🛕 On the Visakam day Special Abishegam for Lord Shanmuga is performed and the procession of deity during night is conducted. Special Pooja is performed on Sukla Sashti day in every Tamil month and the procession of deity during night takes place. 108 Thiruvilakku pooja is performed on the Karthigai day every month. Special Abishegam is performed to Jayanthi Nathar and the Utsava idol is taken in the golden chariot in the night.On the first day of every Tamil month, Ganapathy Homam and Special Pooja are performed. The Utsava idol is taken in procession during night.

🛕 On the last Friday of every Tamil month Special Pooja and procession of Utsava idol is conducted. On the first day of Chithirai month Annabhishegam and Special Pooja are performed and a procession of Utsava idol is conducted during night.During the Purattasi month Navarathiri festival is conducted for 9 days. On the first day of the Iyppasi month Annabhishegam and Special Poojas are performed and the procession of Utsava idol is conducted. On the Panguni Uthiram day the Thirukalayanam of Arulmigu Valli is celebrated.

Pooja Detail

Time

First day of “Chittirai” month sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

5.00 AM
6.15 AM

Last Friday of every month sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

4.00 AM
6.00 AM

“Vaigasi Visakam” sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
2.00 AM

Next day of “Vaigasi Visakam” sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

4.00 AM
5.00 AM

“Aavani Festival” first day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
2.00 AM

“Aavani Festival” second day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Aavani” festival seventh day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
2.00 AM

“Iyppasi Vishu” sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

5.00 AM
6.00 AM

“Deepavali Festival” sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Kantha Sasti” first day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

2.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Kantha Sasti” second day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Kantha Sasti” third day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Kantha Sasti” fourth day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Kantha Sasti” fifth day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Kantha Sasti” sixth day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
2.00 AM

“Kantha Sasti Thirukalayanam” sanctum sanctorum door will
open Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

First day of the month of “Karthigai” sanctum sanctorum door will open Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.15 AM

“Margazhi” month sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

During “Thiruvadirai” in the month of “Margazhi” sanctum sanctorum door will open Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

2.00 AM
3.00 AM

English New Year sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
4.00 AM

Pongal festival sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
4.00 AM

Kaanum Pongal sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

4.00 AM
5.15 AM

“Tai Poosam” sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

2.00 AM
3.15 AM

Preceeding day of “Tai Poosam” festival sanctum sanctorum door will open Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

4.00 AM
5.00 AM

“Maasi” festival first day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
2.00 AM

“Maasi” festival second day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

3.00 AM
4.00 AM

“Maasi” festival seventh day sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

1.00 AM
2.00 AM

“Panguni Uttiram” sanctum sanctorum door will open
Udaya Marthanda Abishegam

4.00 AM
5.00 AM

Vows and Offerings

🛕 Devotees who take a vow place their offerings during festival and other days. They fast and carry Kavadi, Palkudam, offer Abishegam etc. to the Lord. The Golden Chariot procession, Chandana Lebanam, Dharabhishegam, Dharahomam are performed by devotees in fulfilment of their vows. Devotees who perform such austerities get relieved of their mental worries; the unmarried get married; and the childless beget children by the grace of Arulmigu Subramania Swamy.

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Rare Facts

🛕 Tiruchendur is the only Muruga temple where Raja gopura is situated in western gate. This temple was not constructed by Kings, it was built by three holy saints. This temple is also the largest temple among all the temples built by saints.The Tiruchendur temple does not have any eastern gateway contrary to all Hindu temple architecture. This is the only temple in Tamil Nadu where sanctum sanctorum is below the ground level. The 133 feet Rajagopura,built in the shores of Bay of Bengal,very near to the sea, just within 200 meters is still a mystery and an outstanding example for the Tamil temple architecture and an example for extreme civil engineering of Ancient Tamils.

Thiruchendur Temple Significance

🛕 Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-
  • Protection
  • Wisdom
  • Energy
  • Forgiveness for past deeds
  • For good health
  • Neutralize the malefic effects of mars

How to Reach Thiruchendur Murugan Temple?

Airport: The temple can be accessed by air. The nearest airports are in Tuticorin (45 Mins), in Madurai (3 Hours), Trichy (4.5 – 5 hours) and Trivandrum (3.5 hours).
Railways: By rail, Tiruchendur is connected to other major cities of the country via regular trains.
Road: One can also easily get regular buses to Tiruchendur from other major cities of the country.

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple Address

Tiruchendur, Thoothukudi District,
Pincode – 628 215.

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