Thursday 30th of March 2023

Thirukadaiyur Sri Abirami Amirthakadeswarar Temple

Thirukadaiyur Amirthakadeswarar Temple History

The Sage Mirukandu and his wife used to worship the Lord for a son. The Lord, pleased by their worship appeared in front of them and asked them whether they want a son, who is full of vices and lives for a thousand years or a son, who is a masters in everything and lives only for 16 years. The the Mirukandu couple asked for the blessing of having a son, who lives for only 16 years.

Born by the grace of the Lord to the Mirukandu couple, Markandeya became a great devotee of the Lord Shiva. When he turned 16, his parents told Markandeya that his life expectancy was 16 years, as the Lord had said. Markandeya visited every Shiva shrine saying that only the Lord Shiva could save his life. Visiting the Shrine of the Lord Shiva, Markandeya reached the place called Thirukkadavur. The day of his end was near when he arrived at the site of Thirukkadavur.

Upon nearing his last day of his life, the Lord Yama threw his baton at Markandeya in order to complete his mission. The frightened Markandeya ran towards the Lord Shiva Statue he was worshipping at the temple and hugged him tightly. The Lord Yama also threw his baton at Markandeya along with the statue of the Lord Shiva. The Lord Shiva emerged from the statue Linga with a trident to save his devotee and killed the Lord Yama using his trident. As the Lord Almighty, Shiva killed the Lord of Death, Yama, he became the Kalasamhara. Post which the Goddess Bhudevi, the Lord Brahma and the Lord Vishnu requested to bring back the Lord Yama, the Lord Shiva gave Yama his life back and brought him back alive. This heroic deed is one of the eight heroic deeds of the Lord Shiva.

thirukadaiyur amirthakadeswarar temple vimanam

Mythological History of Thirukadaiyur Temple

Brahma worshiped Lord Shiva with the desire to receive enlightenment. The Lord Shiva gave him a Vilva Seed and asked him to plant it in all Shiva Shrines and asked Brahma to worship him in the place, where the seed germinates. Brahma also planted the seed in many places and saw it germinate in Thirukadaiyur. Thus the place got the name Vilvavanam.

The Gods did not want to share the elixir of life (Amutham in Tamil) they got from the Ocean-of-milk (Paarkadal in Tamil) with the monsters and demons, took it in a pot and during their travel they wanted to have a bath. They placed the pot at this place and took a bath. When they came back, they couldn’t take the pot from this place as it is rooted to the Earth. Hence, this place is called as Thirukkadavur and as the pot looks in the shape of a Linga and it contains the elixir of life, the Lord here is called as Amirthakadeswarar.

Thirukadaiyur Temple System

Although there were royal towers on the east and west sides of the temple, the seven-tiered tower on the west of the temple is the main entrance. The Lord Amirthakadeswarar of this temple facing west as a Self-made Linga (Suyambu in Tamil). Around the sanctum are the shrines of the Lord Murugan, the Goddess Lakshmi and the Somaskandar, the Lord Natarajar, the Vilvaneswarar, the God Byravar, the Panchabootha Linga, the Sun, the Sage Agathiyar, the Sapta Virgins and 63 Shiva Devotees. There is no Navagraha Sanctum in this temple.

In the hall in front of the sanctum of the main Lord, we can see the copper statue of the Lord Kala Samhara and the Lord Yama under his feet. The Lord Kala Samhara is seen standing on his right leg and kicking Lord Yama by his left leg. Markandeya is seen standing nearby with folded arms. As the Lord Yama threw his baton at Markandeya along with the Lord Shiva, the Linga here is seen with a cut on the top and scar over the body. There is also sanctum for the Lord Yama here.

thirukadaiyur abirami amman

Thirukadaiyur Abirami Temple

In the outer courtyard facing east is the Sanctum of the Goddess Abirami, who is the one blessed the Goddess Saraswathi and Abirami Pattar.  Abirami Pattar, who lived in this town, had a great devotion towards the Goddess Abirami. He used to be in a state of meditation to increase his love and devotion towards her. Once upon a time, when the Tanjore king Sarapoji II came to this town, he looked at this Abirami Pattar and asked what day is it today. Pattar, who is in thought of his Goddess Abirami, misrepresents the new moon day as the full moon day.

The temple priests had already told the king all the misconceptions about Abirami Pattar. Hence, the angry king claims that the Pattar will be punished if he does not see the full moon that night. Singing 100 songs of Abirami Anthathi on the Goddess Abirami, the full moon appeared on the new moon. During the 79th song, the Goddess Abirami took off an earring and threw it into the sky, making it look like a full moon on a new moon night. 

abirami pattar

Thirukadaiyur Temple Highlights

  • The temples which removes Yama fear were Thirukadaiyur , Thiruveezhimizhalai, Thiruvaiyaru, Thiruvenkadu, Thiruvaikavur and Thiruvanchiyam. Among the temples which removes the fear of death, Thirukadaiyur is the most famous temple.
  • On Mondays, in the Tamil month of Karthika, the anointing of the Lord here will take place in the conch hall opposite to the Sanctum of the main God with 1008 conch shells called as the Valampuri conch. Only at that time the Lord can be seen without a robe. The scar on top of the Linga caused because of the baton of the Lord Yama can be seen at that time.
  • Similarly, in the front hall, the copper statue of Kala Samhara Murthy is split into two and the Shiva Linga is split in two such that the Lord Shiva can be seen as carrying a trident in his hand. The anointing of this Lord Kalasamhara is done only 11 times a year. 
  • Purnabhishekam (100 years old), Kanakabhishekam (90 years old), Sadabhishekam (80 years ols), Bhimarathasanthi (70 years old), Sashtiyapthapoorthi (60 years old), Manivila(50 years old) and Ayushya Homam were done in Thirukadaiyur and are believed to prolong life.

thirukadaiyur temple elephant

Temples near Thirukadaiyur

After visiting Thirukadaiyur Amirthakadeswarar Temple and the Kadavur Mayanam Brahmapureeswarar Temple, one can visit the following other temples nearby:

Ananthamangalam: About 3 km from Thirukadaiyur is the Ananthamangalam Rajagopala Perumal Temple. The most famous is the Trinetra Panchamuga Anjaneyar in this temple.

Thillaiyadi: About 4 km east of Thirukadaiyur is the Thillaiyadi Temple. The Shiva temple here is large and it also has a large tower. The Lord Vishnu worships the Lord Shiva here, who is in the form of self – manifested Linga.

Thiruvidaikali: About 3 km west of Thillaiyadi is the site of Lord Murugan on whom the song Thiruvidaikali Thiruvisaippa was sung. The main God of this temple is Thirukameswarar. However, the main deity is the Lord Subramanian, who was recited by Arunagirinathar in this temple. Thiruvidaikali is the place where Lord Murugan performed Surasamharam on the day of Kanda Sashti.

Devanur: The Arulmigu Visalatchi alongside Viswanatha Swamy Temple in Devanur near Thillaiyadi is also a must visit temple. The shrine also holds a sanctum dedicated to the Lord Guru, the God of Knowledge. The Lord Guru here is worshipped by the Lord Indra.

Tharangambadi: About 8 km southeast of Thirukadaiyur is the site Tharangambadi. Today’s Tharangambadi is the Thevara songs spot called as “Alappur” long ago in literatures. Masilanathar is the main deity of this temple, which is in a state of disrepair due to the sea waves.

thirukadaiyur amirthakadeswarar abirami

Thirukadaiyur Temple Timings

Thirukadaiyur Amirthakadeswarar Temple Opening hours: In the Morning the temple is open from 06:00 am to 01:00 pm and in the evening from 04:00 pm to 09:00 pm.

Thirukadaiyur Temple Address

Sannathi St, Thirukadaiyur, Tamil Nadu 609311

Thirukadaiyur Temple Contact Number: +91-4364287429

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